british special forces
british special forces » gear » misc kit » laser target designator
▼ share this page


Laser designators are portable devices carried by UKSF and Forward Air Controllers (FAC) units for the purpose of marking targets for friendly air assets. Consisting of an optical sight, coded laser emitter and range finder, Laser Target Designators (LTD) vary in size but are usually mounted on tripods to ensure a stable aiming platform.

How Laser Target Designators work

An intensely focused beam of light is shone at a target. This is known as 'painting the target'. A sensor on an attacking aircraft's bomb or missile detects the laser beam as it bounces off the painted target. Upon release, the laser-guided munitions follows this aim point, effectively homing in on the beam's reflection. The laser beam is 'coded' which means it shines in specific patterns of pulses. This coding enables the air assets to ensure they are being guided by the correct designator. LTDs can effectively be used to paint targets for aircraft operating at medium to low level altitudes.

sas with laser designator
An American instructor and a member of 22 SAS (right) next to a Ground Laser Target Designator II (GLTD II) during an exercise in the US Desert. In this exercise, the SAS ground team lazed targets for US F-18 Hornet fighters and HH-60 Pavehawk helicopters. Training with US Forces is vital for UKSF units as they are likely to be working closely with US air power in places such as Afghanistan and Iraq.

The role of LTDs in modern warfare

SOFLAM laser target designator
The US-made An/PEQ-1 SOF Laser Marker (SOFLAM) is a hand-held LTD in use with UKSF.

With the increasing accuracy of air power demonstrated in Gulf War I, many commentators speculated if the role of 'boots on the ground' would become much less important. The reality is that a partnership between special forces ground units and attack aircraft was soon forged. It was soon realized that, for certain missions, a pair of eyes on the ground would significantly enhance the precision and lethality of the air strikes. Properly equipped with a portable laser designator, a small special forces unit on the ground can visually confirm the target and adjust the aiming point to ensure a direct hit. This combination of air power and special forces on the ground enable truly surgical strikes. It's rumoured that, following the Al-Qaeda bombings of US Embassies in Africa, US SF trained for clandestine attacks on terrorist leadership, using a mixture of Special Operations forces and Naval F-18s armed with laser-guided bombs. The idea was to sneak into a suspected location of a Al-Qaeda leader, hide up, visually identify the target, then call in the jets to strike the building, vehicle or patch of ground occupied by the target. Such a mission is far less risky for the ground team that attempting to storm the location on foot and carries less risk of collateral damage than a 'blind' air strike. With laser-guided weapons now carried by fighter bombers, helicopter gunships and unmanned drones, there is more scope than ever for such missions.

Another role for LTDs in the ongoing war on terror, is to mark targets for close air support. UK Tactical Air Controllers have made extensive use of LTDs in Afghsnistan where they are used to clearly identify the target for coaltion strike aircraft.

« misc kit index

facebook facebook youtube
RM Green Team
Green Team
Royal Marines Boarding Team
view: RM Green Team
42 Commando Vikings
SFSG Marksman
SFSG soldier armed with HK417 rifle
view: SFSG Marksman
Squadron Reconnaissance Team (SRT)
view: 539 ASRM SRT


Share this page:

not endorsed by or affiliated with the ministry of defence | all information is non-classified & sourced from public domain |

all images are for educational purposes and sourced from the public domain where possible - image policy | privacy policy